As we age, our eyes naturally undergo changes that can affect our vision. However, there are things we can do to preserve the health of our aging eyes and protect them from serious eye diseases.
Get regular eye exams
One of the most important things you can do for your eye health is to get regular eye exams. Eye exams can detect eye problems early on, when they are most treatable. The American Academy of Ophthalmology recommends getting an eye exam every year or two after age 65.
Eat a healthy diet
Eating a healthy diet is essential for overall health, including eye health. A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains can help reduce the risk of developing age-related eye diseases such as cataracts and macular degeneration.
Smoking is a major risk factor for many eye diseases, including cataracts, macular degeneration, and glaucoma. Quitting smoking can help reduce your risk of developing these diseases and protect your eye health.
The sun’s ultraviolet (UV) rays can damage the eyes and increase the risk of developing cataracts and macular degeneration. Wearing sunglasses that block 99% or more of UVA and UVB rays can help protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays.
Wear protective eyewear
If you work or play in an environment where your eyes are at risk of injury, wear protective eyewear such as safety glasses or goggles. This can help protect your eyes from flying debris, chemicals, and other hazards.
Be aware of your family history
Some eye diseases, such as glaucoma and macular degeneration, are hereditary. If you have a family history of eye disease, be sure to talk to your eye doctor about your risk factors and how to protect your vision.
In addition to the above, here are some other tips for preserving the health of your aging eyes:
- Take breaks when using electronic devices. Staring at screens for long periods of time can cause eye strain and fatigue.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Obesity is a risk factor for several eye diseases, such as diabetes and glaucoma.
- Get regular exercise. Exercise can help improve blood circulation and reduce the risk of developing eye diseases such as diabetes and glaucoma.
- Manage any underlying medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. These conditions can increase the risk of developing eye problems.
If you notice any changes in your vision, such as blurred vision, double vision, or loss of peripheral vision, be sure to see an eye doctor right away. Early detection and treatment of eye problems can help protect your vision and prevent serious complications.